Minnesota State University Moorhead Physics and Astronomy:
Physics News Feeds

College of Health, Science, & the Environment

Physics News Feeds for Saturday August 08, 2020

JFIFddAdobe ImageReadyDucky<Adobed       8 !1AQaq"2BRbr႒#3CSc$s4DTU⃣%5dt!1AQaq"2B ? AgvX ťҁwZbp@[c MJM}P>ZmC7҃?+?9ǥ.=?w2 |J L3 pA1Oݲnԣj7Pe AĠ k Y7 uL߲|)l=g9@ڀd7z FFB~,[9b^lgǔ6.-GHzHT{B6|SJyCƤo폈۞ټr8o^=fSHڛ[x8 x7w_n2;Ix'FMޔ_P6<'xw^c߶!obRj~vgT?A]Ko T~Ma/~(9|_Z}`L1;ᔏ+S Jr;Vi쩆;4SߌfәOYF^rAG^vYHtւ[[Vv{zvܦM&22y]Иjx?,pLi{݇ Ҽ^au#BKx-a5}OG0@볠\|47R4Zs(4rJM!Fjf]UP`7Cj|O%Aٷ>FyPgd޿ҧ+}(#M|7Ҡo_tҨ-?@*: M?+ڶ>Deӷ HA6Q\Ǩ+"=eDџYgp֊ٳXA+oΐ%<&f8|SuSH~KvPZy0p=ٙy۳L5r-pͷu4cS;7>CfwRr8bS#{mۑk$dG Y_#lw/+1vĬ~nl֌+Pdd!|rF헴ڈA qA'P-]ggb3!4tzP\ݛzi&fGnc7jn;f/> fow['sVgBϕk#k}Ք.{ l,v[̦.KhdNzEIH~zGF6YQ +f"uԇh80Aq̠иhKV 5A~܀쟗i:*O9A~m;Ш6-ILDfȺC0jwob̻a7Z>\5KR Lq޻jnӿP16?= m?z6>޿gozY w~ Ⱥ SVy~iuߛᾳO+0n`i q6SOQ3^<+fǸ0%(6k°4iM;x|r|/oqeM*/̡L ΒH$'" 5 ٳEN[Ѧ1N/Gxt Dӵt\ }чB =4sfQ?L5v=݋${1uR~ sŴBCvػulڎϋ m.dqK8hWY3"1;ڈ}zU2y7:y*qkZ\(zPjV[M{ntfkuZżoePGi'{OI7̱Y>X;›Y!nsݸ ^k"[";H+F C+85>"@ l vۛ'%%AYw@L:WQq̢4%fh3X mԧbs@lH5 7D 7= omBf#^QL0}V(%0o9s[]z:H<ɨ؂k4yJ {~К6ڳ5قn>j  >b@cx7ił '9ΨЙNr;L6}!=="~dٱXh<DmN:&f?QA`x\[V;a,kmg n}?]9QwdWCf]B'PE$[лgڥG8EFۦ8's 3H0'hp[ m59k2x<.`|cL+:(]Aw oG[d9lDoWi]jvۢ pꞅgL^Z~ Vlcv0 ZeTͥ֯ԏc?V3Zeʂ IĠ-S;3ۏO6H:~!$I ls8 d-d{=i-h3eLqtu/mN] ջ611jџEEeIKmYs*wx'f%ǒr K& yp`NhIA`׉|;f&;PDnW6~A6·UCM\'³XZ[mٯ?Ю&Ϳ77f0r<P:62&Ovn4I^ fܚ8hDv!cxH?ă&k?3djyFXOiv2CFQF5/A6 m Ae w HkLkL{4 c>`1A#egbcMD^P5dNo M|6۰8&&p͊jEjL\/-l90n] T8s:AUq s;҂ uNo)Ҡٗ%1u+_\x6R *-|8[S&p{ )K$/9G#|UvF4dt}\8s<]#$Гɭ`׀ 4مR ;[ӹ C-4'hqUYGt[D#gT} S'z]TG:aFw}9SLH>U̇[0 `t.5{E`5!Tu`]F6`1ҀBR (5(5(5(0 @:-:jAԠ jJԔ IAP*um۽AkPm} .so*#qiA3noX(eQu) :$XuoMN^v/~.ڼI^poBźԒ3>=^`@,ǖa {ē27'Mu4rF 'k`U}݅p2TD^J#fh30*t*%mԃjR!aCbYE2S sb^󫉪F=wsuAҨݖ6 =b'ЦZ7bNy$0pTXRAgG: KMRwgZ);gQ+jfy LA}hLA-֧0>5,9tCxDњΨٿp(b7[L4U$ UC wOkL8pPvsA) OfܷX%G([ug(Xl5o(Ar~_)#D¿dեQj;xhzLv\7m :PC10 J+w!A3d#EXouXԎFW׎:y ]?R:6QJ";ۘ3 f'[0,3Yl~ w-L^:s{i);j< 3׷'F,RSyZwffV}J_wC$+I4#LW~ O31⽏8ÚӾfxT3{mQgPjFz*GZL܅BǴB j;\DHQa6]EIcMPe{275͒QR%Ԅ ~-<_QTt"{Dw4aFG0Ցgcr}rk[*b0mg3Kp-Ϻgqx&q>7t,^{m;6)4&]sd.nfn- g܇|*N꠩$qĪ".ֈ5ۋlBu!ǩQ1iP3kM8AJGdc ʠlNWT;VW:@4vX<ʋ uݶG?hmٌ٩j]9QB<09l$~Ma?EMfz D u8n\8PHه/2 ['Р HR7K([Ր]HA(=23VaT^߷p EA,8D]^vPŜ5LVCyixg)jPooòd1Ѭ(1\9AvMNpDR9c2#_1Áv soAv-Q G;yVK58~$*8 6wqVM]BsǗ ܬXOؓA=7oەR=g`]v*hGFMȠkG @.E(8g S[‚fN6ٷ! %h5 #).FO5qi:mu SW"ylv}9AtJ*7w3u9Dh io\tly`Ͻ_rsc.Zg~^G8#wUڸ{%goAlqqL` Yx֥i5Ļq+LWyT*TG A h-CohqXKFr ϼG2E&k-&oY̱S2t͈icz`ӄW Sja#=C4QvJH-6,u1J 5bn)tۢ@:Û5tm˛Z{?*=`+ÁPjHu D[L"ˍA(2FG(%dAÜ ܹUcavUAf=;{lrЊDr9U1v~^[ufg74bG r(: pΟtƆ^$ݛnwlޚ) G`e^_5ےַ{QmG#u!m_/ȭ؛Ms8A(F@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@AqGQ4 uP^^޻hʱ_Q+;_Kqd}Kpx[tnk~%5 :xW;ַ#7;[Yb@ֻp#MŴYjsUKqJsq̠瓚29D.evXl%c1y≦ŀ!ܮ&F;+128z4qd9UE[ATT} 0p8"9l4 Ïȃ4'  §6#=c޸`9mro6;-אSL\2d?q j. nvjzV&u{vv[qUxvm!-ZJ;1NWw͟q$ mv  '_ףkev!{JdQiNmbgq-MM\Ew|MqVDŻ&cWg]\犬77Q\A˞Zn(4@@@@@@@@@@@@A5ͳGrŗ-fq5o2܀gZ)xMlu JFZ(մ\q8ci7=[wfm7SnډnǬՁ,wM]飺PVbDxm3PðL PS]1ɟsARKF{=a3WSGۀG2ڶf:|٠Dg4x PlCZ )zJAŽ%p< Qp:"t.aDÁ{huvu*51u[[ldOEEF٦)ZFmpskXyXR8UnijP\Xoh' 9΢]uh?IƲ{=Az Ͽ 71ܚcP;pV\/*;wv%כb\=3[qP4GzM*n-d:7Ů̂CoGwpݤMJ7 O YO{ Q^xyoMHۦ8!Az[*M<NM̓]:F!g5Q(F: rz"|o Ԉ62!ڑ4zy\o GWLF"?Ba!,RI#Ue<6,7ThS5S݆M4 AѠrrf@*u(,Gh*L;#g>dƐ5WVD8ȘGail2os8]g+-8חY#-x7&K\*s2+s)Ds.$UTdvjIPFJ-a@@@@@@@@@@@@@A,73B [<:Ǽ 9?@fZ\mqs}8A~|]0u]4;CL]ngW&۵ԋтbDgx+C7;yZ7f b´Lq.@ph|Gi잰Sn /#F.GyQT糰$HOuQ˽֏rpT]ۺ;n#RA`}5}o#G{%Y"3G 5֨25Ƞ?̐RȂ]QIqnqpnp_a݃WȊB`&7fd,B{wǩ岒0eq!o(v?=kPtf)P^⦵JYDxZM oqt{-Y%31GJ9۫=ymM\;1Hx=t-N[;KKM'u8-[V:3=/c#n?xt !& n49pA.dq#lQ0W<քH lםMηs]79z ]K+`9:B2i-=+ѓ[UqJ]AU%Q8W!PRz8 g#=jTCZaQIuhpo4og$28Ԟx" hjJ((6z"6 ,OB+='fu",Gjy .,EEO2 JAY |td|z!AFrs (S<6m˘qڌBvts)Uږ._v2<ɊݶIvѓkִx;62Ox6˅[÷;Xq0\3Hm>PWI\W# wR dhp#02&4CYj6=V޷̶rtuZ0` dڐd6J cԊtnPX !+(!5t,K95qӆxh<ʼ'7(N ܛ an|9TTo VqHx΅p5.z3TR{[[U wy*kwq&WWAǑkTɤF͑Y|Td[ :݃B :Qowna2\Hh7N>cn)u\*d8:`¹u9z rۛP&pI]$b*NG;\V.Mĵ%n3\ۉJˉW6Dߚ*܂5Da\I Æ(:\vդTfӘA.\$]>P6 FA4iws0Cyff#[9/Р=qlm}`9E6,? [Ҹ>Sp}E P$XZ/Ay ٖ[yxGJ+mi&9.i8p#*Ն`gXdq\nRԳ[Km;$84b Ɂ lyZrz)}Рïj-k%2eFuoaknlH# 5!/|}&XL1i) .f9"H 2sd֪)״8Pj @AjQ'3gMϹm6v/y챺\)i#ۃpY-pGh &*^_~],FN .áݧFcd-kFh*K1vԨ (\[ې8yo{{(Zݽc~VD2pIgv@Q~8Q{zTѐ ]̠ (4*7hցʼn֢kFc:;:   $A&:ZAmOdvObͩ 3Id6-۰]sބ%6q2;R)Ͼ!;f`L^xʲ&W'_NQER݇No*fĔ`M@>ӲA{FA˹e[r?U!#^Հd@Ky {qI%q+J!\"Qs.eӕs& ]̙eċq%DtZ ϑR=}bhv˜;ؼ۷38kmp6pZjwE,43;B*굼cXӮ߈zÅTo7mţ+1cb8nXs䯑MpۇmTR B(Pdh7l!I\AZ Akˆ*+h.gy-~[&XNCqs8D{%HEנtP߳h4l-Gmt;] pQSA kYU#z)vT9D7hC/(;J>ăc{mn[;yI,E|^~sivq L$Y[Z煶N]UfHetR7e  vtzPK7Mћrj\{-h:KG7&[ZZQ?Yr]$6Ō4=g\.,B)em=nԪ!'FDRĔZZ4\\׺TswY G=eȊVvEe?!; Dݖ Vtd4N%Ej]΀܁sV1J 1 dfn^4h-a8uu8fkv.ZIc8ux{ٹf+*Wۺq6QR5dpܑ%nF=h EE#!9NcJ=.sK[ RK&'!)3pe9GVJW t>7l*56k5qsp8;kYD:}(U( FHGen`խڔR[2v.h9{A`pHߘ# y@EE0txp8,RQ~)v2* ^]˚+;Oxulom9 f=@B+=;DxX4u&:"ܮv<Gsmnm;oG*Hid4sN` ;thiiiu}w 3eP}^e$up=g{-[r]$W7fWDZ0J?Q8G=su* $hm qDedPbJK;Vר2C7|&;JH\Jee\v#o?Mux*/98۲֍ 4dä0hEbs9Fbqw 4 m?e:AvwB [KVGYR(|Cx46Vyi-d.:Uqy#F̸v@jjqm1`OnSwkº.rUim&ԇ63sQ(٨5@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@AZj NA\ބWx(,G0pׯZ Eȃ:pAaڌHPI :&HpJXKm5{g:bGEpMmHG)$.t#q ki dHCIXxc̹8c,´05ؓp< |9h*d Fh'J5pJAҠ~$ %0dRqЍ:XƊK6ַ~/`fLCk?w H;$;0u1TRQA~)6Ch6fJ/nf0zSLuV'5,|o2sӑ.`CcuH]%;1ƌ#yF>y*$hp#0'6F[;R%s}cn˶;&P{\m[3778r~CJFE bd斧P Jr`pQKa.;G>󠥾^$ 2Ց+2P$Et*:s@lQ 7dGr 3Dg.V 4Mv.9 t =gytl7qym[a-\tٴwbܙWSxTTM e8h Ps7 3N5ԅiw"cFܹVK\IleɹZ1$<罜NAvBig_O2= .ΚIЈd8(>R'f5>/Gok :`GMM\}__#%tZwH%K9SɀZX\I̬+;sgzeΙqܻsz:;UG:wU3TP22HHzA;dѯ(&zvѵR -}x Găm5w#aiS<:V;X*hzRŕj[!!u5e< *ްs0.`n3%*ԑI%˼~]GDAqS:zRǓ $p!He3_컬v<>T.mAT@`NcOQ,1Z VH$BK\ӇcL9QX}Cg^sUGsY!Cr)Y ;+ӰPr'!cMZUj(hgjc3@M|4vwiasnZ.X25Zc0R/&ޏH#"5د7]r![]>>QA>F.v3˶)pcx{۟ Cg#SOgc16[r.Kbq㏸`84Y]ӏ<;#NW;J 9A;1mHe}oVa4ٷPӅYĴ| isXf7F ]s'h 9s @h ,Oh@ 4.bmN.(9ΑݻˋIo Zrr:M/n*yOQ[\]Ck~\u$ƹ4f޲LrkF@}>Z\g<ڔ5ቱ($ 7(A˻XbIu"2 aPBhN9Uj{uۃIY21qSya7Uт;{v1O*w׫2-@ k /%.BIȭ,s.+ps~$tnVkpEsf+Q>w*(Nܨ+UwdPe#R 8ǗӭLj==-G(#:h&k`0i0@#[Na=hNZ !\OlVEX*FM eRnᕝQųI $f؉=c]AYw,GXB1iDžQ.-崕ZS b?L{&5fuZT.mUD(6֣Or5h,1ީ@YmgljhE i#?bv_q8;ШW6xB77FZfhl<)bATU% Ta H1e7m`&.NtE+!vB*oxvQ &>>wԬkG{7gi.lkn-$gݼbX|AQ@$1'O13ig!r xGÒoM[i $he{#vAKqd}~ym}X-mـ5`E% ٖAG3ÆQԂRfrTEjI<6 8ѣY ,,@խG{ođhwfC@ў94q# xGPdUXEe΢z>O)Ajv:4 df{G@/ӳP{ -WL4moG#MV7bvN+5wCCeV\弤Bj Mr#yzHHkY;N֊ߵ p: 4i]Fj% O+"&`%CG唿@8m [9s^Ow~W5x0 HnRW>*Wp+q.hkۇV͝j3\ܵj2NyW>sUs+HE RⲨ\Pj(0f\G }pX0x('f8aЂf[#Msi4&,GZf5q kt\8Ȯ qnD{!H²N|rٹ:DvHj,Gr8j:4C{nlC"XY]Vѕْ3 &ajAAUqd{>ʠw#jda @vVIhIEtw)E0~>5%%t-/d~D̰ *ݥZczʮ/6]SiR' *罔];j8w/{h?s+vճiv2ֹfWN]"9ӭhsrtϡi>sG>w-Ds+Q>wf9ӕs(E9+*  #qF&0C]VU?n]uyQe^,e47̲BkSrG2wG#ĸbHҠZe6ibX$$N5iԴ̱ ljh{|r cbx4*%9ꁱAz :f9[ ڒۖOn#Beu& ͨh8dB+>;{auY-NZ?z(KuˋmuhN1{>hpUTsofIFΡ{;cL? X{]~[zG\{fx:ǀ,Fr#2\5sUVQYJ"NgȨŌiL'x#I6.YubU++V)dt7EEd2?-@,9 SDFY>fH#2>rG4s:KX#ǴIhGz&8BZVZO|L"iXnH֞EQSzGՉX0} ԉkq3ـy2[i{gzGF Vt < u{N$Ei{ꃙ:ʩUjs(7hA4mEѿ=x`Yv~JOY 9xoY=>~5)R;UB\Ӻ*˛;!)ZuR:՗6wPV>wf49R˟9ZU|V\*PFvM3)6P{6 IhQMtbiZ#1^Ic@9‚ ' ,p &iZhgvsƶ <ìćAUv1+z[iqZGaqCݸ֙`RhYUdP^h88"e/#V/Sn)W@6:D+-2Ĵy#Fݒ>Y <ӑ mA칀l]=GGN\AM;jp0zP7uVk3P3(>geo ݁HDžXoڍ %pTE,vJ 2Q0Y\^]CY9Ec)ۜO:sԾCS *;v#:8J+ 9qAteƃaP*{N@(:0Et<#{tj4LrP*f|Ξa b7Ң-{$uGHvbh2V.;oa3Jĵ秜Iby( cg^p'hPrph#qJ hZ );WҪ++Q^ .q(-[i $n|Փ_7s{wn H ޱuW^1$ -Rs!+J:Q6wbuZrs+Q+;ϝTPqV(LUG>rӕQBb* d F6r+Q]('mDQmvׂ F1ѻ\NӁAsGttV.^g`~HX{CEtm8UޢA%pT\AVkbAGE&=wpA9gnĦ?bV/-{ݛR)1[cwmqtk3d|mÎH ti<4T`{fnUֺGJ7c1Bisrs{C v 4aШ40V3upkWoLhuq$ zcĵ2kȌڭ4e@g\냚.lU5̻םjƜ ˟pjϘZ'9|j"XϜ|g(5@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@A#'{: 6᳂w1kFEqnp"0AA˶ 1^Ղ,Ao4r 8Se_CBG Ŭ)P;UM͍z۸蕘.T> MQXEikzqخlF;. cteC2+x%8"nԲ26.q>|[v[XEط`apI\mu4L3GJ)^hv΂*D%Rg?]1UjF6#M%yάGR^KݬTuK 2iN͗"՘( ܁6J.  F4}џ:/hhƒXxK*!JX ^vN?*eӤ=y!3b!L`GPjD=}*Ϙ2XϜ27ivOtnAAմfɑՔsJyf׍.ŧSů'`p_٘]0-+M,giiC1CiŎ{i#Mp.i"V|3rx1fxʺs\dRF( Z\щ&qü7zJOik~X3_g6.Y/1mz-,"Iku&Ă'[Y'Qvy\J;#&rV "a:nė!F t aZgm;y֤f{eGR1޸p7Wy㤬bQZ\sn5uT,APK<=nx {D+H;kbn$Qshe(ݹNe!ȼq/etϟ+ "k>hJ*3(C4q pfx.=62:Yg!Ȃ$##B ,n :B>Fi pLsQ͹ZG.j"i֢(LUE jꢌR ُ{dhzZ;{'"]dq~"nusTi Jc2<`W 0Kr $I3w| \$nlEQ@xpR-A+y%uUDʚ]UOyvOuF 1q/_K 샰l-&F ꎚ*y&5:1(2JBpa87}H#tcȃ`,µCUvvS@W7y>Jӷ;rV%ib٦&Пx|j%yَIP-2,؁5\f-\sZ\khUMs1sn9kH2:NUҔWrT.džg ~su x38h<>c!Hcb`X6Gq焝ͱўE]yU:\zAIQu3"KS\n97?%+Q <)⌢yꓭ TsE9tei:rLv-i\]!JؔTd֠RͤO >N(.n~+a<v.!dt6"(6J-r,\[iwr{O; b|_\[3cZtVJ7m.9}d>D8yh쨨3O++vj=ʂDd .25;3@}Sz˸䵛 $aۨ\~tGS7V7/ٱ{0<'m{VE6l:.c"0!qX܃J.9/.8o9sR9+TʔlPF\*Z"UUdEA nnEx.3ݬmxFMBmr>$yx,o5ᇠS 5"p pDžQUeُUgvCF⃃w =3f⏕ӈYbFWA(4(7^xW2 0+YMLm׉*e{ío0JGNVG:8';Zp}Z}jĪ5L%V#<ᾗ-94k~>t:r"AAAPz+3'~]O?WI?WpK7v_[vncwj9V=3 zv$Mo,M-ΆVHmlI_t;ŋ^;¼]oZ\!\ˌZfBrtHOZdʄĭFlPJQB}*>"ϝ3J"* Xmes;tRNV2eqq#+M򽿝->ER-A'4{">RTZN!ΪTymo)z̴ծk9rV̨A}fAQWV T nfՑqYлQR,sĕlڒĭDwV=Qy[Jһ z_-+qKfp6/" *ߝ8Zq[dd췝A`pF7yϝDT 6f{dsAoCSw7Ks{\t;[͟ӂwgITRΠ} T*!XnROX0mnQz<,>)<̥GPeDǟ" P4rѿgCV۟fZJޮ!-D|;-V%yOy2x@3&w?2 Iˌ#qǙFx7AAE#v}>8m=˝K=6WQ[AG[JOT{9kˎNj5ۿy&ޠC|Èc vwǷ>\uNˁJĪ1U&D 5FeʄQ*Vϝ4,)c1掂6w~ݬkKW}9k9QF\*f8.?0q!V*sObHdid8Ƞ'̃ UE?#|;*&8Zyjō {V88|j%m1loį7/Ë03(A+cQ("~|*&ɨB +pݨ>2">r?z8~DޭE4}r-~O_"sK\p}.xOĮWw^ Q^и{=w|tA鷻KG\A)SljZl: =FAy[05`)K:wޑw K8H6W>ԭfh':\sgj#0i kEQj"ʲ2EՌ>uF])D%A Ms@AUݷx6U}8?7@?''')sU1ƈqU*yX-"H?AgxPvG8/2 P*|hC6-G1Yaؿdo1wJrfOH-Dwڶ ^R&oִs[f)A9OQgPG%qdPU88t9yEGQcpݨ>գ59/ogik_{K{֓W{o6u߇mŝ6.-Y3xx#Yz+M /KM>(36-6s:B߫~gtKכu\j2ôӏTY}x;IGQHcL%2Vۈ0*;v>3ɶwC_R`<*^yfAtvL]16qO|׷ik}f1 uZTf(N5Be3󅨊2X'}w#ʺO 7 'I~92ʨ.h h)`DZO#ë vxUŦi7ۄQ?e)1̰g'_mN{iOn~OyҲ[YU2 Gލu2Q?~Y;װ#Ь~vRӌ"ۻ)yQf{NH!EE9 1FdpRwkC\tNuW4v7~ AEQ*DTU#Ôw-ؿ5Zen[)DZ.`>PUg8dF Td`H@P]p-8+IH_uI֕ ǐV:(c oHkfhąr,jq(ȺL5;^G-"OB"fvH?M2;#­#Wy ]xšr(`pQR4/ [k4s4e/;1n|qolbt71Qk2?1A$tklsc_2W^4c]/h}5_?{_-ŶoZ<3KJX摎cZ9_#X$xIG?o q۰O*^oS~L-n7þ~Z;$;>I=xH 3}Q-`vM\G9#B0 +GUP@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Ank&󠨃MMcs{\t;w:2AIV>="*(׃OyV{[C(!Ty)F5{q89)0ÙPFs#5dv* ;`&ޘB1O -%).'Aȴ"-$^Nh-#.=?r\ˀC8= pzZ>}(č~UFgTJAn>H+9l B En҈_?e߷G;jkVIW~;c;Լ\|xZMc; Wéx&M+t%˺ zc>+o|͑-1Ló$n Ξ[1AEmqM;  ˝9:V'ñlYt#>yV]u[XDdJyj7 kk.ҟ09%;2Wz&*I[+({:B֢G.4-vRQh2-YbGP}[ыM7V:o7esJ逞 C?b`;Ђ#QL69VߌXR"9[}Ga%C5n må) e#QAꃩ\r(6MZxT ؅ v07R=U8NʳYj$ݮ5þnF R8:)(]B8B6ޱ37J%XWH|G1<-P\۟.(*8 *!e>A "B缼w /~Օ>W.d,֌eLg<{ξ^v8RZ8vJje ZujZZɈq$ 3/Yٝj'ʚkk\` ts <#u͡ kU!YgTj:w_w8cםi;0TssV'ZG"9tT-"NFqǡ3p%2+JjˉQ33H ixt5mt8" x=tH҈?$w|a7u!Q 2uj{~|Xǩ_^Z"5P˒¸uEvhA]9^znp Ƒî\kv:+ E Oxnkxwi.A8}ͿLǯ\ &qmk4J:џ2^}8ŎSE*Nk_ 6pDƨd(V*Ed"25r At  yF POXy%;.;mv#^Mrx*hSp8Grty6;jۻ-3V6UiU7QDcƊ;({@\¨t}vrϠ|dPpWG_wfggC}0Td  dTl!<(.c fDbF=Ǫzq*UDĴo;\%QUyo8[I't?-Y@Ҵw4;j8άJJr3Vf9 Fin|_QA)'3TAEPW5=`x<ࢷj #Z߲- E%~Ird0~)̾|{_S}\Jz*5G'xYr>q3|n'FKt٣;cxrgt7gIѲS^48¢~Hm41Ȫ#8QޑwM!(=*ĭ_oYp1ME"v|~T!( ykD>01s)atGؾ>XVkQn'+Lc7$T{Ɂk*ngERTV7̷Trb1ɴ(qc+L;oFȨq 4rT`W>' 3>tHAO(iElJƒ_2Ǽel86J^>?x\HsWz_Z]Rb%sgj.uj8j#o- 1th+=cbdc4]hYi-wjm\zP8Ԡ]X&mbi#uǍj#kآ&+G"X4'"t*(˚LR`p'TM-9F93 ĤQC4;?Xta6#J {eդfAO glnqg}?O&eBSpa˸m9 t.倂V5¾ݐBudbuk =\[:۞.tҺNϚ3B+)J2%oYSJj*r"(aPf 5U@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@A=O'fO''vȃ~OOywh5s9G*//]<2C(R…sG2:1Ż3p<+G%e[VSUT"8DSf˪rERdr5GF 7uݹ0X"Fl쥬|`u1RWN* tp 3: {- [Ǥr+J$oaمGstޑ]uW"X{.aupdIy.`q{3!\y1OuUD[ȱr>֢9r^)ʺ@Ъ1cSA-vFaxE r5-FQ@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Al4A$F w W9C0 [k!v̰FNiA wpj'߲ʺ#xGٓ "7OeG"oGb* sfn1`UU{Y` ȪĖ_s<٫vdi{UE˨d7p**:ya02hkqA-ZUݮh<#NkEz]{V?4z͋%˺cƕfo.1QMJk. I>|ByŽnTP#;cܫª6di#҂Lnzc0"BWͤp+Ph}NA P(&c~A-n[[Flf%F)ww_^\fʹ5Xʹ51\[*᙮2Ṯ753\ˆl]#.uV5̸nkr\ۚf7U1Aj 5EmD (0rThMUF["Fj#qR4:}}2}+mgo=F]l~n[pv$4t2{241܎ " jղH*$K^G*nv41DDp8sAJ=WFNZD&g9nB9{p\GZDֲis ~EJDcAA#xăNdAI۱5*3{vpɭX [ }qU۫w! qOTS{M{ذ#4yBْ :- AqH58΂'^FӠ(\ ƐLG֋f_Yax)sPۿxqvw#,ھ?D4daYo-*R:`㳘sK(揩ryTE ŽW ju'@Z7zPl'7B k^1 q@i f^VB1Rvp{{C8]û8SmӬ(@ nѴ;? C쟦 +{{=hEEP;FICՕ(´eLiͽ p'jujHpv3]5*3 q =Zà ʃR4kZh@"AԈ԰A]Bx#WQ b_ v:8`{8Lo7cV[ c(vՎhp9=+ytsbLG&,Ռ&,YXMG1\]#˸5V+pÊf t6᙭F\ˆln3T% ТVfM1bj Pge+i=JDF fDuS_{$ seܳ[B}Qzs^xGwk% 3k\8ZqXnI&NnqvƑ JݦWn *DB UcYaTfFNğO\9[ycAkV%Tg5͖<\܁ȃO&ۈqNptTmv4pPDkkƒ88 ǶV 2< l#~Xkìp)V;郬u$^5;t(cm/ khdub+p0d'pQNQO(%ǍTaT쿪Z Ԍf<5-nF׭ht W!Ļؔmr.3+?O_ƿKi,a ߯G5P#ukQ"f71.\]#˸t\Ge˸5s.#t\0+5Ι"hPb@0AiA¦6 M1)!6ST  JB5QQ;tG;8f {x\Y4N0暂|CwTWuPysm6kp<+L.c CǝJ!tHQ¨5skǡDSp6WF#%mFT kq{1 c7KNWyt8RO$7&*3j/g2yHA_xn֘Á =F%h*Gv耷9$q*/,(GFZBI ' ¨i?$ վD ѥ׊ lrC;9{'ͩ4Ќxp̟gȥ+5sH ɰ'H ]u6JH:qiQTA2{vM#TUkVi] V7݄+n,B3/>>NJUW{$BNJPG œZB NH0,uZP\FJNtHA9gU Ab n3 \1|ee=$w %o[1Ě9"{;GQ!2SR;pDΖAQQ_ #C2$i4=GA%AÈ8:P9~,k41?J|CA?7n }+Y}/gu[۽Q,N`;{t׏wbĴ9.^-j1+sfw1 V5ʹ5rbran3\nVlrbnVls'5TebKTMM M !46SCeCPge@ A3@@D0UF U=ZIĕQ?3r:1X[ɘAW$D0яo>&>6X5zaݻy-$G#{L{qkZqa|m˨Ṋs*52AzB" qhM1DykMEoo졞c c>uQ- 2r'QedzC)cEEVs_ (F8T DVA5Qn) v| +\kCs(3԰*v0x k GDZ2{hU뷋^RòO/7l?Q%gd+5ɓghꟈ"4ݤ a콸BXNR6d#TG##H6cɡ lt:k]^,twR~cste%|G8[Ĵ3Lnwǫl M}иuBlFN֚V%s.bn3\[W.,֣5ʹn3\.]YsQYPkE(D QvB(4M (@Ta AUU8"#|`Sz  khjB 3E1`cVK%{Mp5 煼ENoQ 1es6LqoA{=pl8'pAR-tr2!#*ׂC7i vǜ #(UPC <6wGpMsMbv1H=^TqH'flTYdLQLzQQU ycփ&#pVFLY}**W׌:@8 N{9%Ei4aj()TDp*! ߬FŤmF̏_ xP/|3õH3iUG͒rp*dS *n;-A0p Ђ77O1B#A 9Gi4 ioUȠ a~{0gFݬ Υ8Cww FA]EJn"ɘ_ `br_Z2f8 ]JL n7lзQ+]0*PvNhQZ89 3d #̃`G_ۛyz~BG*}u{?- 9F 5̸c8Į]͸bw*Ȏ]'.]G9feϚ2BQPa\AF[i'%Dƚ̪%5e:1p 9bPj~[r҈6^҂x_ :(l}c!SEw#Ir1 PEm촽>(8M1%υ7&jf*3×GcȚb?gdz*TT-pQ(Pa[:)AuۺА8mFr!C~!ܗxQ0V8h*Xiwii圝ACNWڴ'vkXƿixՈhHs\*|*#iiq ptsQ[Urw֨ioˆKd"'ꊊ{WF]pAd9D[T`qbdӧҢ1!bH뱈ß2 VHտw[oHfhp ]Xk:vae܎ub]eiLϺй ՓilB[˘3Q%UFCqdכ>B]ٴݸȑaiR[Xj( 14+ Y`H836fk-:  pAq(2H8Aܞ*;[O[鶖g%rRȲ[#kg8uѓJSג揼3YƼ̹8̆w6\V9WG2QΚ*hA\A &0 )ٱ3m;XD8 q a\r S2Pk ^~dCphF>D=mi-û攁",۵y3b;O?dbNu6wm& QG۝ϺYȉRwCfŻD62ӲWA H\&p̻PsouvxFNv A\Mr%wԒk9 5lU5'hЃw9F\CB$h2`xg'"apA4hA9`cTéNSAODAO8Տp!WA)1:AAw42JG?yVWm-omKt4.mZ=V.ĺ٣NrF?tb MPF B B.hv}JoeAA:GTB%m"tTY,hg$O TW[b].fӛVii%OdC_ P_o/8F¢ ؀EB uhpy ْ<-2?Ԣ|-x>*Jhs-oIYF1L5׷#DrubF\ 7kϑ΢uܭs< ֶWɲO)qۻiO2 릊\ۖQW _.0d)ӒITAn7b5T@Z4qb:PgFNTfӓ tă}Ew~Օz f2w8)Z #lRӘlsx/ki{NNi)]n׊է¸-#shEpLG6h iLV@TF*@ U9O\MHWWR6&P:(6IA @ڦdeH3A;Aܘjn?R n+a'[ i}<[\9ڐ̡wT'f>OtlyG%ʹ#uAwq3Nq*jvKk"4m8Ew>ŧ'UTG>~v:+3M;ļDm5qC`RApA $2OA#[Ao2 8u 0Mp0aP7j2R y='K&3JCWv6Fp5 6Ok+-,t^hEp+(Ilj`Ȑz'4yU|}7 >DvRk(;xr>کRB&K7OTFXϑxSbFnq?ħ]D9}!S ij醳}L5:IyS127 ȴqb Y;Ɯ s[ŏDns o\ƾ#G"[y1-q8)$u7ih;Nn(4sK{N7΃Wyzs-}X]ω@rO3ZfYAӊ]w~Rh_lmWLH=WSz=Q҂w`58.}vp>UYu[VEJ<޷ǻ!}&7F6,P`5 .qAvf^H7ۑD$UFCSs(;[uhP'<< 2RP_w& R,9>O3|ȖQuuquq%Ďy\]$5$6[0K(±Btma0/qjIփTZ 6:1ouS ѓkn;i-m1ŮnrwNǪ< ,naՓ8=^>Xު B#?Ã%ڦNHbH݃x|`PG,[F2k~E)a-$B@ҔptQSt(3ԃg1F6QE2{Q1Ț{s\_cTf J#4~f'gLUzeœ26] TkB8B  +p<'eH bJ1^ւ3 n-%#PlviAv >˜:1ohl*9.UI{AQX}$5mc<5Fw(ًڎtɸƿSv)w ؔm7[E8ΩD>{wKhl{,ZzT;V2׏q1e=Wi =5M1X?4@GkA ~?2 _t gATƆ3C̈;}gA@'ZDCA#meЋY] TrNq,#M1ag\BO4`HYQ{Su0A-ۍMnAW,BoEMe1Cs&ϞQ($elmknCQJ^kssS슼C%̈́FaЈsWz\5̟yIVU|MWCTt6 'ބ9ѷ3_DA$29 3Ἴ$( i r-U{VyVΔ0%vf|ʣamd|EGFwprL?.5ȒKL:4hDO `TQq8n%`84fB E(}$!= .l4芵fiԔwv! 4'i&{nqJnv̒Csm|YeWK+̒=5q'2I[e8:QpqdG&SyW{9ƤA j:l kw[-2ڸԴvOtdPiuha-.fx uokv۫96$9Z&no)^V[Rq>zFX+#pz:AMW!Β9&?oTSsi$Т!|M~X^D K\4EA8E!ü4 {(v8 {bVG:̔lݱg ? ˹OwMs ͹#Aܣd,O(0w=_ *zjmoDm엓c NAҦ7n?0: Jmw\3΁n6J%eZ1b/ dr=339pyOJl?4U; {0 wĘUQW\N& ̉ݗNImXľ!aA o3&X$iA>[YR.U869X+YCNJ0FDzXs֨$d Tjqv<:QxU{~i",lYݷac#,N=Gn*bf|o G3 ’(y[QPIg#DHi8D$# Q E`^*RxxAa Hb1D@AȠ.q_w\髩wAoHF!b 1M3lsBnVԻn'x^27Bȇ1DjܵATB~es Ћ&bKKX^ongaAc{nd 3ȃ`_" u5R 0K) cI"ݭiˠrl!c4i%!R1h;;AjiphEAmv#Q\HdsݛjDX3EN(îFCpgB bMs&,:;ΑK+Np bǶx-1ҽݖCȜ\쵹D7PA]M,/F׍! XLY1x9Ts\k7{2:`!O%o++VVwͻ@Sm<cs75HW)^{Ô+m|`n&7gÅ#/ )Z ӓH+9 1*ֻ1CB[]bwJ{;2?">f7gȨٜ GJ"RVTMe̢ut.ic4`-UȃRl1D@@l'i ߴ*>l&qaEl[ ۷W1 cxçȃ4cfr̃ IA#ws{h|bFFe&CyBaO0Ֆx(iSR 48S gOKEL5=O-{؋ jwɑL5&3 N`PGQd0ww2a9lsL5 ZחOw)DJq Pd>0 pNu67gҠJ+v@PJȉ(l 硃?k! );-umiGƃ]Kai/~2Jnw)rB]o |#%g)k[|tno2?&7&{-n@-¼PU䇻ڥIhҁ,MvtJPZms42ꤌ8Ï#HGFčť|sRݓۛ5=^ zYߜ;y-OJu|,# 5i= ZVbw`omZ=qUJ0x> Jl;QARXB(P@檍(F\5s*_|ڂh35;+6&qeːb$NVǠQwx'(k-~.>)4sMFFŠڍ9"5-T` >6O H:B Q(1J An^8Pn..'Kiࢦt~4#y>gQ1˳P ȁ(:ǥEg~;ҁI;5̃Ծ۹bw2 {NAsJ |1 w > Ƒ=(1@h|5ĩSrC4J Ks(0(2N 'A`b`^4D &(&A= z@PH`UFPz AԵ0wӝ3S; qnϘ{r{!>ߊɃPe;":T[**VƛNY >^sm1t9ۘq84p]dpx8Lնt\^~,8[,sy+`foy2x^ w7!::3ǻN[zx$2bdhvGG YRD[I ۉwb 4ڸAMsIk`Aǻ61Vu1,Y^w۽ &vٓ<5׻ fa6'9*Jcp.-Fc\>S>*][t{;'WԂwgeb(B5shTj1ٍ"XpHb$?s'XN(ܸwYAq@quA;M*{VK5zuA4}ӂ dfPDJx'8;͚3G0$i꜊(ZxSL`ʃ]HA@@@@@@@pPl%z͞OiMh3)ps*0n1' MĚ`&d>A{h1(0(2H2u ۻ҃!}H6 AҁV ku6!dfNH,Gb>PN!k[M9sBWDJTPZt^Lwvγ](Uv؎kSm|{on;錮d Mh-:ݷC7Yn6zzA]PYm݂aTKj7cQ>!Aͬ͞WC31l%rr>n!`fד%{IY<=iGQ+8ӛs,tڅxD: ؿ5v?oGڢFfsAVKfw1TV4ЊZ HirDf`׋ЃqNio& >:Al.k}Wh-91U\?:XeƀqudFKaihyɳӗJ b$cӼ#)Њ r(aAg2 KP`pycԳ6Oԃ@4dlP(P1A A 0BbR R la{gA`4A@B ݖD6iiA37| /:(9ED:kiyBS?x@h2@o ; Xw2A;˃o췙lݘ9ce栫.lAH!+ GĒs9rf@J CNJ J*FJv"78Uoݳ̂Y RpkuMȈ W>2̛Uְ0_ۙjGqɒۗrۙ{ۡTshg/2{kt;_+d$=f'ԌG;e>N5Q%!TjG$yj $Nڍŧ΂mi!1R,TSxŧ7tM;' Ni45wGoh21WfԯQ߆{Ա98Km]wM=_Bp' vYvUh*5 naɧxeOG΂n$aG:Qj :6w$hs+pcOYo|F]k/aq_r nI 5QUַת42DcvDohz[D]j wZ}AA;2[AmtP6De7ބF; Qgd)c1g`pt`@B;#PgcT (P6Р(1896~@@@'ZP:6;Amx {-D |dtZ'[zQ[3C8F:* 3'dU>ӽ7{sD/݈\T@60,>4u[Oi綶vl.v?h0Yi?;8)>ڢ&&؏8u ep }-ͯ,*J,gw[L#k $  ˗ZKPVËO($ٵ#Iys" b =#m߽7N9ʃnHdً{AfQ?<>-y=UwSxӁ1ʳ)\;W8q.$=R(Mk`~5&1%TWS#_9rKn3{>=+К 1TW|.PDhXUÉSѰq Pf9?#p&IMт >cv(=4v賟\CSEiw-}pj~Uެ<=*6X5ThEsaDcxͧ;Aj=hLփ ǭk ǭj=h0^b wԃu w+)ɇ vX|׭FFToqUA Ӝ!O-THkVQ0`7D7c x|Tm.P;J /=bsUr/9jW=I$1ii{RF3 1HtA쏺A&2!nN J2IqA!^4AYA T97Bv[0NJ* p;aB^ccfyJ neJ^Ei귷5?=\TU]}ú*ۉ }u8[VK^#|anp3YH1h#:yq$Q/˶3'mPr@-%XkMXsci(6M/.,m,chfa5VЃn[]3Ḷ$t,Ywހ ;$INd5궸5dnR AG"nȪmsя+U)[pr5eOx^EO ^,ܟt!=>ͥ:W}BNgjHy__"[nF~_eriw32s-R;|B;{5;?y9ѾDq!>T gqs vi5Ab`OB u:PmN BJ h+J g*fZf4W춦L ݊+i]o;@'&֕R a_kGԗ@P[rO&7W'8梚cemxC{O7 { }ѷAь'm:AS^^g۲Pm1jϊD_m,w1no-+Ҧ46q.lF,yB}N[J6fš4wlweO;UFi ͎V>AƿРg #i^˚ 76Fc)R¨Գ4@kA5yjZgA=tA{C>\0m߫Ȉ˿WBu(ʣ@dW G {yW wןr{wW m\]y0Y9yJ wA~g}(?/täs FdldrA@:IA`AgaElI rAA#mY4UA3-x\h:JKEK3Ѳڹ1m\I0d?Q҂v^ŻmL_ͣA5VbN~772Iy_Ji鶀qUǍݥ [6gxʑʬ9?s-YVn3!-qĵ9O'~-vBF/g(m+ʵֹƍP.++=w06~[*}ђ dI ^UA XcqmswcLBs .P'TI 1Wf9 'ŤrڍF=YS۲r._Z6Kwʧ;{r_SosQJ͋d2ABɸ-FI`dMLW~Q\N58:3+?>is'P@%l'.;''Q#$WiࠍֺiQ c+AZyT)t6X>0GM weQlAvxO:!CQ:[Y@ P<(C@:)=MIAm$94"Af4obFڳK($mt5 [lGElb8GMk1pu8}l-Gi[6JfMTܷO=X?l-C,&NTt&jw屷L{^ΣMԃԷiw;e+^&߹Ӛwز!Idwn|oo nod1aYsǼэ.: l~5w0ջ 2;[0Jnh7ic8]7̍Sтe/,:*9` l!A: [|X/%%tս;: h̖neBnYh.v7fVp,m;wNxDrl4)⺾FK[>Oo:i|߼ݭ >M~Lo8M0>1Ά2-[СV{\z#Pl-Y A73"qٶBQ^pU h$2LiA4lߕe3́UoWeq r>w4L|ͺkK&lM疎h-f{AԦ.g hFT\xZڡՆ2G~Wqs*,wx;l2)U}[vuU{'s{\yʨ6 *v}(3;r&{؋hנQs3}G0A A4:J.;ʁBTaAw2<(LEYIAnch斞Duuny Zz |Mo@/]+G0l.Vn6pL5j3pStP\Y X[ Ot w åO/THN@JU0ϰlíeiZ<誒n-N6?DpYzX _%4gpԹ{51ܷ#x~@)jiNC+]ǷWLjwvNV4>Gzx +`o-6`H -܎}4c?$i/g/o{1l-wSUއFM JOvoSowiv18^cq=M1#w{?bFw{)Řw-1&b6מ `o-B?<7n yBHFL5Ο`hyE|S͸`Á^Ws.q|E-DFaq5ȻF۶C~WĝdWDmwe :ۙʻɇJu}GI=(9ADŽ$mPV<rݥxj'fxn2q'fY+x‡Î)<Z},(/.8ȶ~0qnrO u[|9x(3{nۀeAstronomy Picture of the Day: Crescent Saturn
August 8, 2020

Crescent Saturn From Earth, Saturn never shows a crescent phase. But when viewed from a spacecraft the majestic giant planet can show just a sunlit slice. This image of crescent Saturn in natural color was taken by the robotic Cassini...

Scientific American Physics Feed (Top 5 items)

  1. Higgs Boson Gives Next-Generation Particle Its Heft (Thu Aug 6 9:00 am)
    Experiments at the Large Hadron Collider suggest that muons and other “second-generation particles” obtain their mass from interacting with the Higgs, further strengthening the Standard... -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com ...
  2. Translucent Frog Optics Create Camo Color (Tue Aug 4 10:29 am)
    Rather than undergoing active chameleonlike color changes, glass frogs’ translucency allows light to bounce from their background and go through them—making their apparent color close to... -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com ...
  3. The Scientific Question Machine (Thu Jul 30 8:00 am)
    -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
  4. Why NASA's Perseverance Mars Rover Uses Nuclear Energy (Wed Jul 29 2:30 pm)
    Radioactive plutonium is crucial for keeping this and other power-hungry deep-space missions warm and working for years on end -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
  5. In Bee Shortage, Bubbles Could Help Pollinate (Mon Jul 27 7:41 pm)
    Soap bubbles are sticky enough to carry a pollen payload and delicate enough to land on flowers without harm. -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

PhysicsWorld Headline News (Top 5 items)

  1. Physicists beat Lorentz reciprocity for microwave transmission (Thu Feb 22 8:27 am)
    New device could boost telecommunications and be adapted for photonics
  2. Japan's SuperKEKB set for first particle collisions (Wed Feb 21 8:45 am)
    Revamped accelerator will soon be smashing electrons and positrons together
  3. Wood-based 'supermaterial' is stronger and tougher than steel (Wed Feb 21 8:10 am)
    New material is made by compressing treated wood
  4. Three photons bind together to make a ?molecule? of light (Tue Feb 20 10:06 am)
    Technique could be used to create quantum-information systems
  5. Nuclear excitation by electron capture seen at long last (Tue Feb 20 7:55 am)
    Breakthrough could lead to new type of energy source

EurekaAlert Chemistry, Physics, and Materials Sciences News (Top 5 items)

  1. SFU chemist's new process fast-tracks drug treatments for viral infections and cancer (Thu Aug 6 11:00 pm)
    (Simon Fraser University) Discovering antiviral and anticancer drugs will soon be faster and cheaper thanks to new research from Simon Fraser University chemist Robert Britton and his international team.
  2. Advance in programmable synthetic materials (Thu Aug 6 11:00 pm)
    (University of California - Berkeley) DNA information is stored in a sequence of chemical building blocks; computers store information as sequences of zeros and ones. Researchers want to transfer this concept to artificial molecules. UC Berkeley...
  3. Inexpensive, accessible device provides visual proof that masks block droplets (Thu Aug 6 11:00 pm)
    (Duke University Medical Center) In a proof-of-concept study appearing online Aug. 7 in the journal Science Advances, Fischer, Westman and colleagues report that the simple, low-cost technique provided visual proof that face masks are effective...
  4. Materials science researchers develop first electrically injected laser (Thu Aug 6 11:00 pm)
    (University of Arkansas) Materials science researchers have demonstrated the first electrically injected laser made with germanium tin. Used as a semiconducting material for circuits on electronic devices, the diode laser could improve micro-processing...
  5. Newly discovered mutation could point to heart disease therapeutic target (Thu Aug 6 11:00 pm)
    (Carnegie Institution for Science) New work identifies a potential therapeutic target for clogged arteries and other health risks that stem from an excess of harmful fats in the bloodstream. The study opens the door for the design of more specific...

EurekaAlert Space & Planetary Science News (Top 5 items)

  1. Predicting drought in the American West just got more difficult (Thu Aug 6 11:00 pm)
    (University of Southern California) A new, USC-led study of more than 1,000 years of North American droughts and global conditions found that forecasting a lack of precipitation is rarely straightforward.
  2. NASA sounding rocket finds helium structures in sun's atmosphere (Thu Aug 6 11:00 pm)
    (NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Helium is the second most abundant element in the universe after hydrogen. But scientists aren't sure just how much there actually is in the Sun's atmosphere. NASA's HERSCHEL sounding rocket has taken the...
  3. Huge ring-like structure on Ganymede's surface may have been caused by violent impact (Thu Aug 6 11:00 pm)
    (Kobe University) Image data reanalysis by researchers from Kobe University and the National Institute of Technology, Oshima College have revealed that ancient tectonic troughs are concentrically distributed across almost the entire surface...
  4. Hubble makes the first observation of a total lunar eclipse by a space telescope (Thu Aug 6 11:00 pm)
    (ESA/Hubble Information Centre) Taking advantage of a total lunar eclipse, astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have detected ozone in Earth's atmosphere. This method serves as a proxy for how they will observe Earth-like planets...
  5. Stellar egg hunt with ALMA (Thu Aug 6 11:00 pm)
    (National Institutes of Natural Sciences) Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) took a census of stellar eggs in the constellation Taurus and revealed their evolution state. This census helps researchers...

This page took 2.505 seconds to generate.